Maritime tardigrades (VI) - once more: adhesive toes
Maritime tardigrades are difficult candidates for filming. Nevertheless we
are going to present a video of a maritime Batillipes tardigrade
living in a beaker on our windows-sill. The video indicates, once more, that "tardigrade" (slow-walker)
is a rather strange name for some species within this phylum as they can be characterised
as rather nervous and hastily moving animals. The Batillipes speed is similar to
the quickly moving terrestrial, carnivore tardigrade species Milnesium tardigradum.
Tardigrade scientist Ernst Marcus measured a Batillipes walking speed of
about 100 µm per second.
Though being a true nano miracle, measuring a mere 0.1 mm in body length Batillipes
reveals a complicated interaction with its environment, and, as already stated,
a rather nervous behaviour. Besides we note that there is the ability to move
backwards (Film: ca. 2.5 MB).
This video was terribly difficult to produce.
First of all it is not possible to transfer the tardigrades from a glass surface
to an other glass container because they tend to stick to it like cemented.
Furthermore the tardigrades are secerning a kind of glue and tend to fix detritus
particles to their body surface area, looking very unhappily in this state.
There are some tardigrade videos to be found in the internet meanwhile.
But Batillipes videos will remain scarce because of the reasons mentioned above.
Television productions often are on low budget (because their own staff is terribly expensive ;-).
So, as a rule they cannot afford to pay for the additional cost-increasing difficulties in
tardigrade filming. Instead, you have the respective video here, for free.
In order to better explain the glue problematics we are going to show a much bigger
image than usual where you will be able to notice the glue traces more clearly:
Batillipes sp. tardigrade with glue
traces. The glue traces have a diameter of about 1 µm (1/1000 of a millimeter)
and an average length of about 5 µm. Typically we note one trace per adhesice disc.
Frankly spaeking we do not know how to proceed at this
point. Apparently nobody has actually found the assumed glue providing glands and their openings though they were
predicted by scientists. And we didn't come across a discussion of this topic in the more recent scientific
literature. Possibly we missed something, or it has been remaining a secret
up to the present day. Overall the traces look like tooth paste or liquid
glue which remains in its original geometry for some time even in water.
Perhaps the tardigrade gets rid of its "glue connection" just by advancing the
We would be very much interested in additional information from our audience.
© Text, images and video clips by
Martin Mach (email@example.com).
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